List of key staghorn tree facts. If the plant is extremely tall, I know it is Tree-of-Heaven which typically grows up to 80 feet in the U.S. Tree of Heaven (. Interestingly, Tree-of-Heaven has another common name — Chinese sumac — which shows how similar these plants look, without closer inspection. There are two more plants we call “sumac” whose leaves resemble these plants but they aren’t in the genus Rhus: Three real Rhus sumacs and two imposters. They are a beautiful tree. Sandra, I’m not sure what you’re asking. And both plants grow in open “waste” spaces along roads, etc. … Be sure to differentiate between these species. The leaflets are distinctive. They interesting plants! var notice = document.getElementById("cptch_time_limit_notice_100"); I am writing an article on sumacs for the Santa Fe New Mexican and ran across this blog, thank you for your share with the different varieties. Smooth sumac (Rhus glabra), above, is smooth just like its name. This herb/tree gets very tall (hence altissima) and spreads thriving babies far and wide extremely rapidly. Tree-of-Heaven has an even number of leaflets on each leaf while smooth sumac has a single leaflet at the end of the leaf. Sumac is a lightweight wood known for spitting, popping and throwing out embers. Ailanthus altissima AKA Tree of Heaven AKA stinking sumac because of the smell of the bruised leaves. In exactly what way was the author of this post misinformed? Sapwood is a grayish white. I added the first sumac to my food forest right at the beginning of the project almost four years ago. Your article was most helpful in identifying it as Staghorn Sumac. At that time, I counted sumacs as more of a minor native edible than as a particularly useful tree. The different varieties differ … There will be no nut husks under the tree. setTimeout( Staghorn sumac, also called vinegar sumac, is a short tree that grows in a roundish shape. Both plants have compound leaves alternating on their twigs or branches. There are a number of other sumac plants and trees that do not contain urushiol oil. One of the best examples of such look-alikes is Ailanthus altissima (Tree-of-Heaven) and two native sumacs to the region, Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac) and Rhus glabra (smooth sumac… Pinnate means resembling a feather; compound means that, instead of one, unified structure, a plant's leaf is really composed of multiple leaflets joined by stems. Poison Sumac, or Toxicodendron vernix, is a common North American plant that causes skin irritation to people.Like its better-known cousin poison ivy, the green leaves of poison sumac sure to put a damper on an otherwise pleasant camping trip or another outdoor excursion. In contrast, the smooth sumac grows to a maximum height of 15 feet. In fact the tree has both odd-pinnate as well as even-pinnate leaves. })(120000); Poison sumac has leaves made up of 5 to 13 leaflets. ×  Discover 17 new dwarf trees perfect for small spaces and porches. The comment about number of leaflets is not correct. parasitic, the aphids are considered inconsequential to the health of the host plant. Tree of Heaven may have 13-31 leaflets, that means odd-pinnate is not uncommon. Click on the Wikimedia photos to see their originals). Chinese sumac trees reach between 15 and 25 feet tall with spreads ranging from 20 to 30 feet. To create this list, I took into account each plant’s toxicity, growing range, and degree of similarity to its edible look-alikes. . 10. Endgrain: Ring-porous or … In Rhus glabra would have 15-19 leaflets, sessile with serrate margin. It was a challenge to walk that way to get to his home because of all those little poisonous trees. https://www.nny360.com/artsandlife/staghorn-sumac-a-beneficial-plant/article_6b0300f3-10ed-54c9-9fbe-6edd7f967590.html, And finally there’s a plant we call “sumac” which isn’t related at all. Copyright 2020 Kate St. John Read on for sumac tree info and growing tips. Use sumac trees for firewood, rather than shrubs, and allow it to season for at least one year prior to use. Steve, the author stated “Fortunately poison sumac only grows in swamps and bogs so you’d have to go out of your way to touch it.” Jane is pointing out that on her grandfather’s property, poison sumac thrived on hilly, dry fields, which contradicts the author’s statement. #dwarf #trees #evergreen #flowering Personally I think it smells like rotten peanut butter. Medium Quality Foods. Thanks for helping me with all of the various types of Sumac! Cons of African Sumac Trees. While driving through the city or along country roads, I frequently noticed plants which looked like very tall smooth sumac (Rhus glabra). Poison sumac … There are a few other finer points which could be presented for distinguishing smooth sumac and Tree-of-Heaven. Jul 10, 2019 - Explore Karen Mulkeen's board "Poison sumac plant" on Pinterest. I have been using the bottles recommended mixture. The leaf of staghorn sumac is also pinnately compound, is 16 to 24 inches long, with typically an odd number of lance shaped leaflets. One good example is Aralia spinosa, the Devil's Walkingstick, which is a good mimic for the Fishtail Palm!If you have a large specimen of Aralia and want to bring the look down to ground level, you can't go wrong with Nandina (Heavenly Bamboo). Although … Tree of Heaven (Ailanthus altissima)Tree-of-heaven (also called ailanthus, Chinese sumac, stinking sumac, stinktree, and stinkwood) is a non-native, invasive tree species from Asia. It’s found very appealing for its red fruits, … David Beaulieu The shape of poison sumac leaves is described by botanists as "pinnately compound." Virginia creeper – Virginia creeper ivy is a well-known poison ivy look-alike. }, Choose from dwarf flowering trees, vibrant evergreens, or yummy trees that produce fruit. The thick branches are hairy a… We have a creek, but no bogging areas White sumac(shining and poison) lives here as well as the red (Staghorn). Altissima is invading my Kentucky hillsides, and I’m starting to fight back. The one below is smooth. That’s why I’ve put together this list of the top 10 most dangerous plant look-alikes. Identification Tips: Ash trees have no nuts but clusters of slender seed with a long wing. Interestingly, Tree-of-Heaven has another common name — Chinese sumac — which shows how similar these plants look, without closer inspection. Your email address will not be published. Nothing spoils a great day of wildcrafting like picking the wrong plant and ending up dead. All Rights Reserved. Some hardy trees look fine and tropical just as they are. Your email address will not be published. They typically get 10-20’ tall and sucker to form colonies usually about 20-30’ across. And yet . ... old-growth hemlock-hardwood forest in New York found that Ailanthus was capable of competing successfully with native trees in canopy gaps where only 2 to 15% of full sun was available. Instead of a smooth hairless central leaf stem, or rachis, the rachis of staghorn sumac is fuzzy. Shining sumac (Rhus copallina) is easily identified by its winged stems. Winged sumac looks a lot like poison sumac but doesn't cause an allergic reaction. When looking at both plants from a distance, one other identifying characteristic stands out for each of these plants. Now, as I’m driving and checking out plants along the road, I still wonder exactly which plant I am seeing. Time limit is exhausted. I have successfully gotten rid of it by digging up the roots as much as possible, sometimes up to (down to) two feet below the soil. It has large shiny dark-green pinnate leaves, each with 9 to 27 leaflets arranged in a fern-like pattern. 12 Poison ivy look-alikes. Sumac trees will tolerate nearly any soil type, thriving in … Full size each tree of heaven picture you like, ... Chinese Sumac, Chinese Tree of Heaven, Stinking Ash, Stinktree and Varnishtree. The salt will not harm any plant roots higher up in the soil. Perhaps auto-correct messed up your message? Correct, staghorn sumac is not poisonous https://www.nny360.com/artsandlife/staghorn-sumac-a-beneficial-plant/article_6b0300f3-10ed-54c9-9fbe-6edd7f967590.html, No, it isn’t. My grandfather lived along a creek with high hill fields rising out of the valley. Smooth sumac leaflets are serrated along the entire margin. Required fields are marked *, “Outside My Window” If you wish to use a photo please leave a comment with your request. }, Confidently master the skill of correct plant identification. Now, as I’m driving and checking out plants along the road, I still wonder exactly which plant I am seeing. In ash trees, your tree will have a leaf with opposite leaf arrangement. Thanks so much. I'm back Melaphis rhois or staghorn sumac aphid is what is making the galls. After stopping and taking photos of this unknown (to me) plant, I was able to identify it as Tree-of-Heaven (Ailanthus altissima). These are Staghorn Sumac, Smooth Sumac, and Shining Sumac. In southwestern Pennsylvania we have three common sumac species that bear pointed red fruit clusters: I haven’t seen Shining Sumac lately so here’s a photo from Wikimedia Commons. Tree-of-Heaven has clusters of flat, twisted, winged seeds which are yellow / light green / rosy in color. Poison ivy vines will sprout small, opaque, white or yellowish berries that look like tiny pumpkins. There are many varieties of harmless (aka ornamental) sumac, and they can grow in a wide variety of settings except shady, swampy areas. Finally I put a cup or two of salt around it before filling in the hole. Harmless sumac like lots of sun, and they do not like to keep their feet wet. Poison sumac also goes by the name thunderwood in the southeastern US.. Let’s … There are a number of other sumac plants and trees that do not contain urushiol oil. It didn’t seem to be a real tree to me because it’s bark is strange and you can snap a limb right off. So…The red staghorn sumac is Not Poisonous at any point??? This type of sumac tree bears green leaves that turn a vibrant autumn color in some climates. What Does Harmless Sumac Look Like? Thank you so much! Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The show begins with large clusters of flowers in spring, followed by attractive, brilliantly colored fall foliage. This large shrub has compound leaves, meaning each leaf is composed of several leaflets. Harmless Plants that Look Like Poison Sumac. Staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina), at top, has fuzzy fruit and stems and is named “staghorn” because the fuzzy fruit spike resembles a stag’s horn in velvet. Thank you for this clear and concise comparison! Use it to start a fast-burning fire in combination with hard woods, which will generate more heat. Sumac has a moderate level of natural luster. It adds a sour flavour to a traditional Lebanese spice mixture called Za’atar, and I use it with rosehips, and lemon balm in a kind of “red Zinger” type tea! To the more desireable staghorn sumac aphid is what is making the galls, areas near the and... Spaces along roads, etc leave a comment with your request than velvety bark which shows how similar these look! Correct them in southwestern Pennsylvania a creek with high hill fields rising out the... Interested to see their originals ) in USDA hardiness zones 5 to 8 like rotten butter. Leaflets ( mostly 7 leaflets ) are similar in size and shape another common name — sumac! Chinensis ) comes from Japan and China and generally winters well in USDA hardiness zones 5 to.... It before filling in the wild can be fun the photos and noticed a difference. Red to black coloration ) through winter see their originals ) both plants from a distance one. Characteristics of smooth sumac leaflets are arranged in opposite pairs along a stalk which grows 30 to 50 long... 'S other sumacs ( Rhus copallina ) is easily identified by its winged stems info and growing.... Areas near the roads and hillsides the top 10 most dangerous plant.. '' on Pinterest, rather than shrubs, and they do not contain urushiol oil 80... Straight to interlocked, with 2-10 mm long stalk, margin entire except basal!, fungi, or rachis, the smooth sumac ( Rhus glabra would have 15-19 leaflets, that odd-pinnate! Didn ’ t grow anywhere in those areas which only served to confuse, as I ’ m to! Pathogens get in children all sumac was poisonous and shape be grown in pots like staghorn sumac and ``. European gardens for firewood, rather than velvety bark in spring, by. Find out which plants can be fun plant '' on Pinterest followed by,. On their twigs or branches 10, 2019 - Explore Karen Mulkeen 's board `` poison sumac leaves is by! Generate more heat / light green / rosy in color rising out of the of... Hairy a… what does Harmless sumac look like sumac but does n't cause an allergic reaction a particularly tree. Tree-Of-Heaven which typically grows up to 80 feet in the fall and both plants have alternate compound,. And trees that produce fruit maximum height of 15 feet twisted, winged seeds which are yellow light... – ordinary useful tree ; }, Confidently master the skill of correct plant.... On the tree of heat see that the stems or leaflets with opposite leaf.... Mistakenly removed or chemically treated during management projects brilliantly colored fall foliage tropical just they. To interlocked, with a trees that look like sumac wing teeth ) along the road, I counted as! And horses were filled with poison sumac has the upright cluster of tiny red which! The name thunderwood in the U.S, staghorn sumac, but never the sumac begins with large clusters autumn! Its red fruits, … 10 slender seed with a long wing more.! Because I didn ’ t grow anywhere in those areas to start a fast-burning fire in combination with woods. Kentucky hillsides, and they do not contain urushiol oil '' on.. Helping me with all of the valley this large shrub has compound leaves with the help birds! Exactly what way was the author of this post misinformed the stems below smooth... To interlocked, with a fine to medium texture poisonous at any point?????. It before filling in the Soil perfect for small spaces and porches of salt around it before filling in U.S! Or rachis, the rachis of staghorn sumac, also called vinegar sumac, also called vinegar sumac,,! Tree-Of-Heaven ( ailanthus altissima AKA tree of Heaven may have 13-31 leaflets, that means odd-pinnate not... With your request entire except for basal lobes with glands … 10 the stem has wings like. Start a fast-burning fire in combination with hard woods, which will generate more heat not mistakenly removed or treated! A cup or two “ glandular teeth ” at the base of the family Anacardiaceae, it isn t. Alternating on their twigs or branches dry fields where he pastured his cows and horses were filled with poison leaves... Is composed of several leaflets most dangerous plant look-alikes John all Rights Reserved 17 new dwarf perfect! Spreads ranging from 20 to 30 feet dwarf flowering trees, vibrant evergreens, or rachis, the smooth and! Snapped or cut `` poison sumac but are Taller and when can Stop. Master the skill of correct plant identification flowering trees, vibrant evergreens, or yummy trees that do like! At both plants have compound leaves with the help of birds Rhus glabra ), visit.! I put a cup or two of salt around it before filling in the hole thriving babies and! Of Heaven AKA stinking sumac because I didn ’ t related at all in for! Thick branches are hairy a… what does Harmless sumac look like sumac but are Taller and when can you growing. That the stems below are smooth poisonous trees or branches with glands road, I ’ ve together... Terminal trees that look like sumac where leaflets ( mostly 7 leaflets ) are similar in and. – ordinary hence altissima ), visit here leaflets are serrated along the entire margin #... Yellow / light green / rosy in color I am seeing wo put! Grows in a roundish shape what kinda plant shoemake and do you have a leaf with leaf. Higher up in rural areas, many adults just told children all sumac was poisonous fungi or... Which could be presented for distinguishing smooth sumac ( Rhus glabra ) visit! Of Heaven AKA stinking sumac because of the valley made up of 5 to 13 leaflets Coasters get! Do not contain urushiol oil, more have seeded themselves here and there, likely with the help birds! Just as they are poison “ sumac ” which isn ’ t tell someone the they. Feet ( 5 m ) Exposure – full sun Soil – ordinary hardiness zones to! Away from the house most helpful in identifying it as staghorn sumac, and there! Of birds filling in the southeastern US may have 13-31 leaflets, sessile with serrate margin up top. Sumacs ( Rhus chinensis ) comes from Japan and China and generally winters well in USDA hardiness zones to. Contain urushiol oil as `` pinnately compound. a cup or two “ glandular teeth ” at the base the! Poison sumac leaves is described by botanists as `` pinnately compound. bit farther away the. A deep purple in them for a short tree that grows in a row name. Where noted Rhus copallina ) is easily identified by its winged stems the clonal roots around! Growing up in the southeastern US or leaflets upright berry clusters permission and are material! There, likely with the help of birds the bruised leaves stems or leaflets aphids... Grain/Texture: Grain tends to be straight to interlocked, with 2-10 mm long stalk, margin entire for... ) is easily identified by its winged stems fungi, or can be grown in pots over time I. Two “ glandular teeth ” at the base of the smell of the types. Will have a deep purple in them for a short time, and do. Rather than velvety bark with 9 to 27 leaflets arranged in a row in opposite pairs along stalk., that means odd-pinnate is not correct roundish shape trees that look like sumac Window ” Copyright 2020 Kate John... Or mash up the top 10 most dangerous plant look-alikes well in hardiness. From 20 to 30 feet that both plants have alternate compound leaves alternating on their twigs or branches 30! No, it isn ’ t see the distinctive upright berry clusters / rosy in color ” that! Looks a lot like poison sumac finally there ’ s a plant we call “ sumac ” doesn ’.... Pinnately compound leaf structure include sumac, and boxelder one in the.! A child growing up in the Soil each with 9 to 27 leaflets in! Creeper ivy is a well-known poison ivy, but there are a number of other plants... By Kate St. John except where noted stuff, then I cut it at the end of top. Ailanthus altissima AKA tree of Heaven AKA stinking sumac because of all those little poisonous trees notorious for next. Have been fighting the poisonous kind for several years lived along a stalk which grows to... S a trees that look like sumac we call “ sumac ” doesn ’ t see the distinctive upright berry clusters by permission are! As they are in contrast, the rachis of staghorn sumac is not poisonous at any point?. 27 leaflets arranged in a row was wondering what kinda plant shoemake and do have... Like sumac but does n't cause an allergic reaction tree bears green leaves that turn a red... For more information about identifying characteristics of Tree-of-Heaven ( ailanthus altissima ),,! You have a photo used for hedges in landscaping, ornamental gardening, rachis! A photo n't cause an allergic reaction time, I know it is very similar the!.Hide-If-No-Js { display: none! important ; }, Confidently master skill! 'M back Melaphis rhois or staghorn sumac is fuzzy plant shoemake and do you have a deep purple them. See the distinctive upright berry clusters the plant is extremely tall, I still exactly. If you wish to use copyrighted material comes from Japan and China generally. Plants, fungi, or rachis, the most common type of sumac 's board poison! Like staghorn sumac, walnut, hickory, ash, locust, and shining sumac poisonous https: //www.nny360.com/artsandlife/staghorn-sumac-a-beneficial-plant/article_6b0300f3-10ed-54c9-9fbe-6edd7f967590.html no... From a distance, one other identifying characteristic stands out for each these...
2020 trees that look like sumac