This me… In the North lies the karst region – an area that is seen as being a crucial physiographic area. Unterkategorien. Die Hauptstadt San Juan befindet sich an der nordöstlichen Küste. The top four highest mountains in Puerto Rico are Cerro Punta, Rosa, Guilarte and the Tres Picachos. Because of this the island has been placed under the management of the Puerto Rican Natural Resources and the United States as a National Park Service. The three distinct physiographic regions are divided into the karst areas, the coastal lowlands and the mountainous region. The oldest rocks are approximately 190 million years old (Jurassic) and are located at Sierra Bermeja in the southwest part of the island. Push Mitteilungen FN … The region features both rugged volcanic rock and delicate limestone and you will find a variety of sinkholes, karst features, limestone cliffs and caves in this region. All rights reserved. The karst region extends west from Aquadilla to the east of San Juan in Loiza. This site is supported by ads. Puerto Rico. Figure 2. But if you travel to Vieques in Puerto Rico, you’ll find exactly that. Es ist Teil der Großen Antillen, einer Gruppierung der größeren Inseln in der Karibik. There are also caves, deserts, oceans, rivers and stunning beaches. Fancisco Salas founded Aguas Buenas on May 25, 1838. They range from 3093 to 4389 ft. The Geography of Puerto Rico Total Size: 13,790 square km The three distinct physiographic regions are divided into the karst areas, the coastal lowlands and the mountainous region. Puerto Rico, officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the northeast Caribbean Sea. 1. It isn’t every day that you find an almost virgin coral reef that is easy to dive. There are also caves, deserts, oceans, rivers and stunning beaches. By clicking Agree you are accepting Terms of Service. Temperatures regularly reach 90 degrees Fahrenheit (32 degrees Celsius) and above in summer, late spring and early fall, with similarly high temperatures rest of the year. Arecibo is this and more to Puerto Rico because it has gone beyond an icon,” Rivera-Valentín writes. Puerto Rico's capital is the third oldest European-established capital city in the Americas, after Santo Domingo, in the Dominican Republic, founded in 1496, and Panama City, in Panama, founded in 1521, and is the oldest European-established city in the U.S. proper or U.S. territories. The main island of Puerto Rico is the smallest and most eastern of the Greater Antilles. Ursprünglich war Puerto Rico stark bewaldet, durch Rodungen zugunsten von Landwirtschaft ist der Regenwald aber stark zurückgegangen. The island is almost rectangular in form. Der Inselstaat Puerto Rico befindet sich im Westen der britischen Jungferninseln und im Osten der Dominikanischen Republik. Puerto Rico - the easternmost island nation and a part of the Greater Antilles Chain; is geographically positioned in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. Distribution of mean annual precipitation in Puerto Rico (Public domain.) The Dominican Republic, The Bahamas, and the Britich Virgin Islands are all near Puerto Rico. Puerto Rico is composed of Jurassic to Eocene volcanic and plutonic rocks, which are overlain by younger Oligocene to recent carbonates and other sedimentary rocks. Ponce on the south coast and Mayagüez on the west are other urban cores. Construction & Manufacturing. Die Insel ist in grossen Teilen gebirgig, die zentrale Bergkette wird von fruchtbaren Küstenebenen umgeben. Geography :: Puerto Rico. The municipality of Gurabo has a history that dates back to the 17th century when it was part of Caguas. Offiziell ist Puerto Rico autonom, aber nicht souverän. It is known as the Angel Reef and even though it is relatively untouched it is also so easy to dive that beginners can give it a try. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Puerto Rico Geography 2020 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page. The mountains are the easternmost extension of a tightly folded and faulted ridge that extends from the Central American mainland across … All trademarks, product names, logos, and the like, appearing on the site are the property of their respective owners. Home » Multi-Ethnic Cultures of Puerto Rico » Learn About the Geography of Puerto Rico. The island of Puerto Rico has surprising geographical diversity with some 60% of the island's terrain being very hilly. Puerto Rico’s Official, National and Public Holidays, Legends, Fables, Myths and Stories of Puerto Rico, An Overview of the Education System in Puerto Rico, Traditional and Modern Influences Shaped Puerto Rican Music. Dennoch fehlen ihnen bestimmte Rechte, zum Beispiel die Stimmabgabe bei Präsidentschaftswahlen. Puerto Rico is the 163rd largest country in the world. The average temperature is 74 degrees F., however, highland areas are cooler. This is an apt name for Aguas Buenas, a town known for its fresh water springs, which produce pure, clean water for the local people living here. The Geography of Puerto Rico Total Size: 3,492 sq. In der nordöstlichen Region wurde zum Schutz des verbleibenden Waldes ein Nationalpark ausgerufen. The highest elevation in Puerto Rico, Cerro de Punta 4,390 feet (1,340 m), is located in this range. Seine Lage hat Puerto Rico über Jahrhunderte zu einem wichtigen und strategischen Hafen gemacht. Physical Geography; Culture and Lifestyle; Resources; The Size of Puerto Rico and it's Neighboring Nations. Mona Island lies about fifty miles west of the Puerto Rican coastline. Puerto Rico (USA): Geographie und Landkarte Der Inselstaat Puerto Rico befindet sich im Westen der britischen Jungferninseln und im Osten der Dominikanischen Republik. Taíno Indians who inhabited the territory, calledthe island Boriken or Borinquen which means: "the great land of the valiant and noble Lord" or "land of the great lords". State-equivalent (Puerto Rico) Planning Region (replaces the Commercial Region, used in 2007 and previous censuses) 2. Der Küste der Hauptinsel sind mehrere kleine Inseln wie Mona, Vieques und Culebra vorgelagert. Puerto Rico: Urban-rural Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. A nearly continuous urban area has developed from Caguas to San Juan and along the north coast from Fajardo through San Juan to Arecibo. Puerto Rico is an unincorporated island territory of the United States of America, located in the north-eastern Caribbean Sea. © Copyright 1995-2020 PuertoRico.com. Die höchste Erhebung ist der 1.339 m hohe Cerro de la Punta im Inselzentrum. Originally built by the Spanish in the 1500s, El Morro is one of Puerto Rico’s most recognizable landmarks—you’ve definitely seen it on every Puerto Rico postcard, ever. Puerto Rico ist ein Archipel in der Karibik, das aus einer Hauptinsel und einer Handvoll kleinerer Inseln besteht. Puerto Rico: Berühmtes Radioteleskop ist eingestürzt | National Geographic Das Arecibo-Observatorium wurde Anfang der Sechziger zur Erforschung der Ionosphäre erbaut und war eine kritische Ressource der Inselbewohner im Fall von Naturkatastrophen. Due to erosion from the interior mountains, a chain of smaller valleys lie at right angles in close proximity to the east and west coast. The island of Puerto Rico has surprising geographical diversity with some 60% of the island's terrain being very hilly. Castillo San Felipe del Morro | Prayitno/Filckr. The beautiful coastal area extends for approximately thirteen to nineteen kilometers in the north and for three to thirteen kilometers to the south. 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